Chapter

CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Emotions in Ancient Philosophy

Simo Knuuttila

in Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy

Published in print July 2004 | ISBN: 9780199266388
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601750 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199266387.003.0002
CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Emotions in Ancient Philosophy

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The philosophical analysis of emotion was introduced by Plato and developed further by Aristotle. Plato's various ideas pertaining to feeling and emotion are dealt with in Sect. 1–3 and Aristotle's compositional theory of emotion (evaluative thought, feeling, behavioural suggestion, bodily change) in Sect, 4. The Stoic theory of emotions as judgements is discussed in Sect. 5, and the Stoic therapy aiming at freedom from the emotions (apatheia) in Sect. 6. In other later schools, the aim of the therapy was the control and moderation of emotions rather than their extirpation. Section 7 deals with the Epicurean therapy and Sect. 8 with the theories and therapeutic views of the Middle Platonists, Galen and Plotinus. The subject of the last section is the combination of ancient philosophical theories in Nemesius of Emesa's influential work On Human Nature.

Keywords: apatheia; behavioural suggestion; bodily change; compositional theory; control; evaluation; feeling; judgement theory; moderation; therapy

Chapter.  50873 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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