Chapter

<i>Sacra Facultas</i> and the Coming of German Modernity

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780199266852
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604188 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199266859.003.0002
 Sacra Facultas and the Coming of German Modernity

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This chapter begins with an examination of the 18th-century university and the forces of inertia and novelty, stagnation, and innovation that characterized it. German universities were in major decline in the 18th century, intellectually ossifying and beset by myriad administrative and financial difficulties. At the same time, the century witnessed the establishment of several important new universities — particularly the University of Halle (1694) in Prussia and the University of Göttingen (1737) in Hanover — that introduced vigorous new impulses to higher education. These ‘reform universities’ are examined for their incipiently modernizing characteristics. The statutory, curricular, and scholarly contributions made to them by theologians, foremost August Hermann Francke (1663-1727) at Halle and Johann Lorenz von Mosheim (1694-1755) at Göttingen are emphasized.

Keywords: University of Halle; University of Göttingen; Immanuel Kant; theological faculty; reform

Chapter.  38708 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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