France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

Bruno Palier and Christelle Mandin

in New Risks, New Welfare

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780199267262
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602023 | DOI:
France: A New World of Welfare for New Social Risks?

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In France, new social risk policies were not highly developed with the exception of the established tradition of childcare. Reforms were initially delayed by the strongly entrenched old social risk system. By the late 1980s, it was accepted across the political spectrum that the existing settlement was not sustainable. New policies with a stronger emphasis on means testing and incentives and on finance through tax rather than social insurance were introduced and these have since become more significant. The emergence of modernising policies in the CFDT trade union and the role played by the employers association MEDEF were important in setting the context for change.

Keywords: active labour market; CFDT; childcare; France; MEDEF; PARE; pensions; politics; reform; retrenchment; social insurance; social policy; social risks; unemployment; welfare state; work

Chapter.  8872 words. 

Subjects: Political Economy

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