Chapter

Population Growth and International Migration

Hania Zlotnik

in International Migration

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199269006
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601309 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199269009.003.0002

Series: International Studies in Demography

 Population Growth and International Migration

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International migration has always been an important process leading to the redistribution of population. At the beginning of the twentieth century, it was a major component of the population growth of sparsely populated countries of overseas European expansion. By the end of the century, international migration has become a key component of the population growth in developed countries of Europe, North America, and the Pacific. From the viewpoint of a world divided into a developing “South” and a developed “North”, immigration is often seen as the main process leading to the redistribution of population; but unless net migration increases exponentially, it cannot counterbalance over the long run the effects of either a positive or a negative rate of natural increase.

Keywords: demographic pressure; immigration; international migration; natural increase; old age dependency; population growth

Chapter.  8441 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Systems

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