Mexican Migration to the United States: The Effect of NAFTA

Philip L. Martin

in International Migration

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199269006
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601309 | DOI:

Series: International Studies in Demography

 Mexican Migration to the United States: The Effect of NAFTA

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Migration has more often been the source of conflict than cooperation in Mexico‐US relations. The US accepts immigrants from and trades with many nations, but virtually all Mexican migrants head for the US, and most Mexican trade is with the US. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which went into effect on January 1, 1994, was expected to convert this migration relationship into a trade and investment relationship. Trade may eventually be a substitute for migration between Mexico and the US, but during the 1990s there was a hump or increase in Mexico‐US migration.

Keywords: Bracero; legalization; Mexico‐US migration; migration hump; NAFTA

Chapter.  5413 words. 

Subjects: Economic Systems

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