Chapter

Immigrants in the U.S. Economy

Min Zhou

in International Migration

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199269006
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601309 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199269009.003.0008

Series: International Studies in Demography

 Immigrants in the U.S. Economy

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Describes patterns of labour‐market insertion among foreign‐born workers in the US. Using the Labour Utilization Framework (LUF) and the 1990 US Census data, it shows that nationality groups differ in how they are integrated into the labour force and that there are differential economic consequences associated with different patterns of labour force utilization. Immigrants are generally economically active and do not seem to be severely blocked from gaining labour‐market entry; but once working they are mostly underemployed. The study calls for future research on labour‐market dynamics to examine the significance of race and ethnicity and the uniqueness and selectivity of international migration.

Keywords: gender; intergroup disparities; international migration; labour market; Labour Utilization Framework (LUF); selectivity; underemployment

Chapter.  10315 words. 

Subjects: Economic Systems

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