Chapter

Admissions Policies in Europe

Catherine Withol de Wenden

in International Migration

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199269006
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601309 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199269009.003.0015

Series: International Studies in Demography

 Admissions Policies in Europe

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Despite the persistence of idiosyncratic characteristics, the trend in Europe's immigration policies is one of convergence in two basic areas: border control and residence rights. Everywhere border control is a priority, and the principle of closure to foreign workers is maintained. Nonetheless, discrepancies remain in the rights each country grants to foreigners, including right to remain, residence status, social rights, and access to work and to citizenship. The Amsterdam Treaty of 1997 raised new issues about the decline of nation‐state sovereignty with the transition from the “third pillar” (intergovernmental decision‐making processes for immigration and asylum) to a “first pillar” (a communalization of decisions). This treaty may lead to the end of European national immigration policies and an end to citizen control over such decisions.

Keywords: border control; European Union; immigrant rights; immigration policy; movement of labour; policy convergence

Chapter.  3664 words. 

Subjects: Economic Systems

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