Chapter

SKEPTICAL AND MODERATE INVARIANTISM

John Hawthorne

in Knowledge and Lotteries

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780199269556
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601736 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199269556.003.0003
 						SKEPTICAL AND MODERATE INVARIANTISM

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This chapter examines the two kinds of invariantism: sceptical and moderate. The sceptical invariantist claims that the sematic value of the word ‘know’ is such that all or nearly all ordinary positive knowledge ascriptions of the form ‘S knows that p’ are false. The moderate invariantist claims that the semantic value of ‘know’ is such that many of the positive knowledge ascriptions that we make in daily life are true. A moderate invariantist treatment of the puzzle is discussed.

Keywords: invariantism; knowledge; semantics; puzzle

Chapter.  17399 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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