Chapter

Carving Out Territories

Geoffrey Lloyd

in Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780199270163
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602276 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199270163.003.0003
Carving Out Territories

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Different ancient civilizations, such as China, Babylonia, and Greece, entertained very different ideas about what, in the study of the heavens ('astronomy'), or of the human body ('biology' and 'medicine'), or of change ('physics'), should be the chief focus of interest and about how to go about the investigation. This study shows how important it is to pay due attention to the different routes that the early development of science has taken and to the differences in the aims, methods, and definitions of the subject matter that are found in ancient societies.

Keywords: Babylonia; astronomy; physics; biology; medicine; scientific methods

Chapter.  6076 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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