Chapter

The Questionability Of Belief

Geoffrey Lloyd

in Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780199270163
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602276 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199270163.003.0006
The Questionability Of Belief

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Focusses on the circumstances and the manner in which the beliefs of individuals or groups or even of society in general can come to be challenged, taking ancient Greece and China as examples. Attacks on other people's opinions sometimes attempt to justify the claim certainty for the beliefs that were offered to replace them. One recurrent tactic in both societies is to claim that the beliefs criticized are a threat to political stability. The idea that opinions can be evaluated impersonally and objectively, irrespective of who holds them is expressed in Greece, but proved to be difficult to implement in practice, as Socrates' fate illustrates.

Keywords: belief; certainty; criticism; objectivity; Socrates

Chapter.  5396 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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