Chapter

Essence and Existence

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print February 2004 | ISBN: 9780199270507
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601392 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199270503.003.0005
Essence and Existence

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It is difficult to see how purely philosophical considerations might lead to an understanding of why there should be anything at all. After looking at the cosmological and ontological arguments for the existence of God, and considering issues associated with the notions of essence and existence, a negative answer is returned to the question whether it makes sense to suppose that there might have been nothing. No particular being had to be, but there had to be something. This leads on to a discussion of the question whether it can be said that the universe began to exist, as Big Bang cosmologies would appear to imply.

Keywords: Big Bang; cosmological argument; essence; existence; necessity; ontological argument

Chapter.  14488 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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