Chapter

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social-Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Ke-young Chu, Hamid Davoodi and Sanjeev Gupta

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199271412
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601255 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199271410.003.0010

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

 Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social-Spending Policies in Developing Countries

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Provides an overview of the changes in income distribution in developing and transition countries in recent decades, and assesses the incidence of taxes and government expenditure in these countries. For the overview of income distribution, the chapter relies largely on a set of newly available ‘high‐quality’ income‐distribution data. For the assessment of tax and government expenditure incidence, it relies on existing incidence studies on individual countries. The chapter has five sections: Introduction; The Role of Taxes and Social Spending; Selective Literature Survey—a survey of the studies on the incidence of taxes and expenditure, paying particular attention to the incidence of government spending on education and health, and reviewing the available evidence for a large number of developing countries; Role of Taxes and Government Social Spending Policy—this section offers an overview of the changes in income distribution in developing countries from the 1970s to the 1990s, with separate discussion of the nature of tax reforms and social expenditure policy and their distributional implications in selected countries (Hungary, Indonesia, and Thailand); and Summary and Conclusions.

Keywords: developing countries; developing economies; distribution; economic policy; education; government expenditure; health; Hungary; income distribution; income distribution; Indonesia; social policy; Social Spending; Social Spending Policy; tax reform; taxes; Thailand; transition countries; transition economies

Chapter.  10262 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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