Chapter

What Difference does a Job Make? The Income Consequences of Joblessness in Europe

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199271849
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602733 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199271844.003.0005
 What Difference does a Job Make? The Income Consequences of Joblessness in Europe

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This chapter examines replacement rates across Europe using an integrated European tax-benefit model. It is argued that the household context must be taken into account when comparing measures of well-being both in- and out-of-work across countries. Replacement levels alone cannot be used to draw firm policy conclusions. The highest replacement rates are found for groups with the lowest household incomes while in-work, indicating the need for a comprehensive analysis of the income situation in different labour market states.

Keywords: replacement rates; Europe; unemployment; tax-benefit model; household income

Chapter.  11823 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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