Chapter

Competing Styles

David Brown

in God and Enchantment of Place

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780199271986
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602801 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199271984.003.0006
Competing Styles

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This chapter explores how architecture has been used to aid experience of the divine in church buildings up to the end of the nineteenth-century. It opens by considering the intentions behind the Temple at Jerusalem, and notes how Romanesque can be seen to continue some aspects of Temple theology. As such, it is to be contrasted with the Gothic transcendence that follows, while a more sympathetic hearing is attempted for ‘Renaissance Rationalism’ and ‘Baroque Exuberance.’ In pursuing the theories behind such architecture, it is argued that insufficient attention has been given to the notion that each church (in whatever style) should be seen as a Gesamstkunstwerk, an organic whole that includes architecture, individual works of art, music and liturgy, with the transcendence of one element often acting as a counterpoise to the immanence of another.

Keywords: architecture; Temple; Romanesque; Gothic; neo-Gothic; Renaissance; Baroque

Chapter.  27687 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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