Chapter

<i>From 1966 to 2005: Balancing Protection and Access in Pediatric Research</i>

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780199273287
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603655 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199273286.003.0002

Series: Issues in Biomedical Ethics

 From 1966 to 2005: Balancing Protection and Access in Pediatric Research

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This chapter examines the changes in policies regarding children in research between 1966 and 2003. It reviews Henry Beecher’s famous article, Ethics and Clinical Research, which described 22 projects published after World War II that he found to be of questionable ethics; Paul Ramsey’s examination of the ethical problems in medicine; debates over the moral permissibility of children’s participation in nontherapeutic research; the government’s policy shift from an exclusive focus on protecting children from research risks to promoting greater access by children in research during the early 1990s; and international research ethics. It is shown that new policies have encouraged pediatric pharmacological testing and have led to some improved pediatric labeling.

Keywords: pediatric research; medical research; children; nontherapeutic research; medical ethics

Chapter.  14285 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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