Chapter

Hegel and the Theology of His Time

Peter C. Hodgson

in Hegel and Christian Theology

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780199273614
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602443 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199273618.003.0003
Hegel and the Theology of His Time

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In the introductions to his lectures, Hegel orients himself to the culture, philosophy, and theology of his time. He takes account of the novelty of philosophy of religion as a discipline, arguing that its object is not only religion as an aspect of human experience but also the knowledge of God by reason alone; as such it is a necessary branch of philosophy. He provides an analysis of the characteristics of modernity, focusing on its secularism, agnosticism, and compartmentalization of religion, which together comprise ‘the discord of our times’. He assesses previous and concurrent theologies, which for the most part fail to address this discord: metaphysical or classical theology, rational theology (the Enlightenment), historical theology, agnostic and ethicotheology (Kant), theology of feeling (Schleiermacher, Jacobi), atheism (Feuerbach), pantheism (Spinoza).

Keywords: modernity; metaphysics; rationalism; Enlightenment; historicism; agnosticism; feeling; Schleiermacher; atheism; pantheism

Chapter.  8391 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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