Chapter

Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care

Pierre Allan

in What is a Just Peace?

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780199275359
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603686 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199275351.003.0005
Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care

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This chapter distinguishes Just Peace from its closest ‘moral’ neighbours — a stable (but usually unjust) peace and positive peace. Drawing on both consequentialist and deontological considerations, Allan develops an international ethical scale to evaluate different acts from a moral standpoint, with different levels of conflict as the baseline of ethical behavior. The more extreme the discord, the worse it is considered on the scale; the more harmonious, the better. Arguing that absolute unhappiness (disappearance of humankind) and absolute happiness (agape-paradise) are not of this world, Allan presents eight intermediary moral situations, each being superseded by the next one in ethical terms: genocide, war, non-war, Just War, stable peace, Just Peace, positive peace, and Global Care. He develops an ethic of ‘global care’ based on feminist theories of care, religious and secular declarations on a global ethic, evolutionary theory arguments, and a critique of a liberal human rights approach.

Keywords: justice; peace; global care; just war; stable peace; positive peace; morals; ethics; scale

Chapter.  18330 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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