Chapter

Social Spending and the Boundaries Between Public and Private Sectors

John Hills

in Inequality and the State

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780199276646
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601644 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276641.003.0006
 Social Spending and the Boundaries Between Public and Private Sectors

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Discusses social spending, its extent, and issues in the design of social security programmes, examining both public and private spending on areas that have traditionally come under the heading of the ‘welfare state’. Looks at public social spending in the UK, recent trends in it, and its relationship with government spending as a whole, including issues connected with the changing structure of social security, particularly the balance between ‘universal’ and means-tested benefits. Compares trends in social spending in the UK with those in other industrialized countries. Presents information on the changing roles over the last 20 years of public and private sectors in education, health care, income maintenance, housing, and personal care, distinguishing their roles in three different ways, depending on who is the provider of a service, who pays for it, and who is in control. Finally, examines public attitudes to social spending and its distribution, particularly towards means-testing, perceived problems in the social security system, and at whether the views of those using private welfare services towards the welfare state differ from others.

Keywords: divisions of welfare; means-testing; private welfare; public attitudes; public spending; social security; social spending; universal benefits; welfare state

Chapter.  13548 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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