Chapter

<i>Education and Careers</i>

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276684
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603389 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276684.003.0003
 Education and Careers

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The Quakers founded their own schools to ensure that their children learned Quaker values and would not be contaminated by, say, Anglican principles. Science played a significant role in Quaker schools, especially Bootham School (York), which had a flourishing Natural History Society and an observatory. Jewish children often attended the Jewish schools (where science was not so prominent) or the public schools. With Oxford and Cambridge closed to non-Anglicans until the mid-19th century, Quakers flocked to Scottish universities, especially Edinburgh Medical School. Some Jews also attended Scottish universities, but the study of mathematics under Augustus de Morgan at University College London proved particularly attractive. With the opening of Oxford and Cambridge to non-Anglicans, the first cohorts of Jewish and Quaker science students are traced.

Keywords: scientific education; scientific careers; University of Edinburgh; University of Cambridge; Bootham School; medical education; religious tests

Chapter.  24680 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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