Chapter

<i>Trajectories in Science</i>

Geoffrey Cantor

in Quakers, Jews, and Science

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276684
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603389 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276684.003.0005
 Trajectories in Science

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This chapter looks at nine different modes of scientific activity pursued by Quakers and Jews. These range from the wealthy amateur — including several Jews who pursued science in an upper-class, gentlemanly fashion — to the Jews and Quakers who traded in scientific specimens. Members of both communities used science in their professional engineering careers. Likewise, both communities produced educationalists who taught science through their lectures and textbooks. Another way in which science was deployed was in the scientific study of their own religious communities through the use of statistics. But there are also some interesting differences. For example, several 18th century Jews were attracted to Newton’s ideas, which were generally ignored by Quakers.

Keywords: amateurs; statistics; astronomers; meteorologists; atmospheric railways; railway engineers; geologists; scientific practice; Newtonianism; science educators

Chapter.  24724 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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