Chapter

THE STRUCTURE OF REASONS: INTERNALISM

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276905
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276900.003.0009
 							THE STRUCTURE OF REASONS: INTERNALISM

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The purpose of this chapter is to defend the internalist view that reasons for action and desire conceptually require a link to desires. This link to desire takes a more direct form in the case of ‘apparent’ reasons, which form the content of our thoughts, than ‘real’ reasons, which are truths that may be unknown to us. It is claimed that practical reasoning, in which desires are derived, differs from theoretical reasoning in which beliefs are derived in two respects: it is not inferential, and the derived desire concerns a proposition which is ‘epistemically prior’, i.e. which can be established as true sooner, whereas the derived belief concerns a proposition which is epistemically posterior.

Keywords: apparent reasons; internalism; practical reasoning; real reasons; theoretical reasoning

Chapter.  11265 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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