Chapter

THE IRRATIONALITY OF THE BIAS TOWARDS THE NEAR

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276905
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276900.003.0016
 							THE IRRATIONALITY OF THE BIAS TOWARDS THE NEAR

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The main objective of this chapter is to analyse the irrationality of the bias towards the near, i.e., the tendency to be more concerned about what happens to oneself in the near future than in the more distant future. In opposition to Derek Parfit, it is argued that the root of this irrationality is in representational distortions, owing to the bias towards the perceived and the mechanism of spontaneous induction. The root of the irrationality cannot lie in our conception of the nature of time being erroneous, for in that case we would exhibit the bias towards the near also when we consider the futures of other beings than ourselves, but we do not do so, at least not to the same degree.

Keywords: bias; near; perceived; representational distortions; irrationality; Derek Parfit

Chapter.  3853 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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