Chapter

INTRODUCTION: THE BIAS TOWARDS ONESELF

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276905
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276900.003.0019
 							INTRODUCTION: THE BIAS TOWARDS ONESELF

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This chapter introduces another bias whose (ir)rationality is the leitmotif of part IV of the book: the bias towards oneself or the tendency to be more concerned that things go well for someone if that person is identical to oneself. This bias can be rational in the relevant sense only if the relation of personal identity is such that it can justify special concern. Consequently, part IV starts by analysing this relation, before it turns to the question whether it is rationally justifiable to base self-concern upon it.

Keywords: bias towards oneself; personal identity; rationality; self-concern

Chapter.  2490 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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