Chapter

THE DILEMMA AS REGARDS PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276905
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276900.003.0030
 							THE DILEMMA AS REGARDS PERSONAL NEUTRALITY

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This chapter sets out the second dilemma or conflict between the rationalist aim of having rational attitudes and the satisfactionalist aim of fulfilment-maximization. Since it has been found that the bias towards oneself is irrational, rationalists must strive to rid themselves of it. It goes without saying that prudentialist maximizers whose goal is to see to it that their own life contains as much fulfilment as possible should retain this bias. But this chapter argues that it is irrational, even for those satisfactionalists who accept the requirement of universalizability and endorse the universal fulfilment-maximization goal of utilitarianism, to strive to rid themselves of this bias.

Keywords: bias towards oneself; fulfilment-maximization; rational attitudes; universalizability; utilitarianism

Chapter.  1937 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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