Chapter

: THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RATIONALISM AND SATISFACTIONALISM

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199276905
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603198 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199276900.003.0039
 						: THE CONFLICT BETWEEN RATIONALISM AND SATISFACTIONALISM

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This chapter summarizes the three dilemmas between rationalism and satisfactionalism, as regards temporal neutrality, personal neutrality, and responsibility. To the extent that we are rationalists, we are forced into a retreat of reason far removed from our everyday frame of mind, while we must let reason retreat from the pretension to fully control our attitudes if we are satisfactionalists. This chapter also points to some factors in our mental constitution which are responsible for the fact that we encounter these sorts of dilemma: (1) we tend mentally represent much more vividly that which is present to our senses than that which is perceptually absent, and (2) our attitudes and concepts are shaped by how we perceive things in everyday life, but this everyday perception does not agree with what reality is like according to our best scientific theories.

Keywords: perception; personal neutrality; responsibility; retreat of reason; temporal neutrality

Chapter.  4320 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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