Chapter

Subjects of the Nation Without Citizenship: The Case of ‘Hill Tribes’ in Thailand

Mika Toyota

in Multiculturalism in Asia

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780199277629
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603303 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199277621.003.0005
Subjects of the Nation Without Citizenship: The Case of ‘Hill Tribes’ in Thailand

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This chapter argues that the term ‘hill tribe’, used to refer to the marginal non-Tai-speaking upland population in Thailand, reflects the nature of the relationship between the state and the peripheral population. Hill tribe status has reinforced the perception that ethnic Thais are the ‘core’ of the nation-state, justified paternalism and state control of the upland population, and provided grounds for discriminating against them and denying them full Thai citizenship. Adopting the discourse of ‘indigenous rights’ is unlikely to improve this situation.

Keywords: Thailand; hill tribes; minorities; citizenship; minority rights; nation-state

Chapter.  11595 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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