Chapter

FICTION AND FICTIONAL TRUTH

Paisley Livingston

in Art and Intention

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199278060
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602269 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199278067.003.0007
FICTION AND FICTIONAL TRUTH

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Intentionalist assumptions are relevant to three inter-related topics pertaining to fiction: the distinction between fiction and non-fiction, the nature and status of fictional truth, and the determination of fictional truth (or the content of a fictional utterance or story). Livingston argues that to produce a work of fiction or fictional utterance is to express imaginings and to invite others to engage in correlative make-believe or imagining. Intentions regularly contribute decisively to the determination of the story a work of fiction conveys, especially with regard to implicit content. This is crucial for readers or viewers who want to understand the story told, as opposed to making up a new story of their own. These and related contentions are grounded in a discussion of the 1991 film Meeting Venus, which is especially pertinent with regard to the problem of the conditions under which intentions are and are not successfully realized.

Keywords: fiction; fictional truth; genre; intention; make-believe

Chapter.  13859 words. 

Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art

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