Chapter

<i>From Altruism to Morality</i>

Robin Small

in Nietzsche and Rée

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780199278077
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602702 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199278075.003.0005
From Altruism to Morality

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Examines the moral psychology presented in The Origin of the Moral Sensations. Borrowing from British associationist psychology, Rée maintains that an original valuation of behaviour according to its utility has given rise to the moral sense that treats an action as ‘good’ or ‘bad’ in itself, apart from its beneficial or harmful consequences. Utilitarianism is here combined with a Darwinian and Lamarckian model of evolutionary change, although Rée disagrees with Darwin’s account of remorse as essentially a frustration of social instincts of sympathy and loyalty, suggesting that it fails to acknowledge the specificity of morality.

Keywords: altruism; guilt; morality; selfishness; social instincts; sympathy; utilitarianism; vanity

Chapter.  8955 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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