Chapter

New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199278572
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604119 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199278571.003.0003
New World Order Policeman: Responding to Iraqi Aggression Against Kuwait

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This chapter discusses the second phase of UN involvement in Iraq, which seemed to herald the emergence of the Security Council as a New World Order Policeman. The Security Council’s capacity to legitimize the use of force provided a legal basis for international action to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait in 1991. The chapter recounts the diplomatic and military success of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm — mandated to compel the withdrawal of Iraq from Kuwait and conducted by a coalition of states — drawing legitimacy from Security Council decisions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VII also provided a newly assertive basis for traditional activities, such as ceasefire implementation and border-monitoring tasks, the Council gave to a new mission, UNIKOM, deployed along the border between Iraq and Kuwait. This new police role for UN peace operations was part of a larger ‘New World Order’ heralded by President George H. W. Bush, which seemed to hold the promise of an international rule of law, enforced by a united P-5 operating through the Security Council.

Keywords: UN Security Council; United Nations; New World Order Policeman; Kuwait; UNIKOM; George H. W. Bush; P-5

Chapter.  12363 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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