<b>Creeping Unilateralism: Humanitarian Interventions and No‐Fly Zones</b>

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199278572
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604119 | DOI:
 Creeping Unilateralism: Humanitarian Interventions and No‐Fly Zones

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This chapter discusses the third phase of UN involvement in Iraq, characterized by creeping unilateralism, occurring within the context of a more multidisciplinary approach to peace operations. That approach often incorporated humanitarian objectives into peace operations, as reflected in the deployment of UN ‘Guards’ to northern Iraq; but it was also characterized by the early resort (or reversion) by several Security Council members to unilateral action. The chapter specifically examines the imposition by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States of no-fly zones over Iraq in 1991 and 1992, and the launch of Operation Provide Comfort to protect Kurdish refugees in northern Iraq. This creeping unilateralism was a harbinger of further unilateral enforcement measures to come that would sunder the unity of the Security Council’s purpose on Iraq by 1998.

Keywords: UN Security Council; United Nations; unilateralism; humanitarian relief; peacekeeping; no-fly zones

Chapter.  12200 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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