<b>Crisis of Confidence: <i>Annus Horribilis</i> and a ‘Vital’ Role</b>

David M. Malone

in The International Struggle Over Iraq

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199278572
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604119 | DOI:
 Crisis of Confidence: Annus Horribilis and a ‘Vital’ Role

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This chapter examines events in Iraq during the most recent fifth phase of UN involvement. Having been largely sidelined on Iraq in the fourth phase, the UN underwent a Crisis of Confidence between 2004 and 2005, searching for a means to address its demotion. It is argued that that the deadlock in the Council over Iraq in 2003 had critically undermined the UN’s credibility globally, which no amount of activity elsewhere, notably in Africa, could recover. During this period, under Council resolutions, the UN was meant to be playing a ‘vital’ role in Iraq, but its margin for maneuver was circumscribed on the one hand by the continuing strong guiding hand of the United States in Iraqi affairs and on the other by the dreadful security situation in Iraq, precluding deployment of a large UN international staff. During these years, various aspects of the UN’s earlier activities in Iraq, notably the OFF Program, returned to haunt it, making 2004 Kofi Annan’s ‘annus horribilis’.

Keywords: UN Security Council; United States; United Kingdom; coalition; Kofi Annan; election

Chapter.  18109 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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