Chapter

Spatial Inequality and Development

Ravi Kanbur and Anthony J. Venables

in Spatial Inequality and Development

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199278633
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602191 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199278636.003.0001

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

 Spatial Inequality and Development

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What exactly is spatial inequality? Why does it matter? And what should be the policy response to it? These questions have become important in recent years as the spatial dimensions of inequality have begun to attract considerable policy interest. In China, Russia, India, Mexico, and South Africa, as well as most other developing and transition economies, spatial and regional inequality—of economic activity, incomes, and social indicators—is on the increase.

Spatial inequality is a dimension of overall inequality, but it has added significance when spatial and regional divisions align with political and ethnic tensions to undermine social and political stability. Also important in the policy debate is a perceived sense that increasing internal spatial inequality is related to greater openness of economies, and to globalization in general.

Despite these important concerns, there is remarkably little systematic documentation of what has happened to spatial and regional inequality over the last 20 years. Correspondingly, there is insufficient understanding of the determinants of internal spatial inequality. This volume attempts to answer the questions posed above, drawing on data from 25 countries from all regions of the world. They bring together perspectives and expertise in development economics and in economic geography and form a well-researched introduction to an area of growing analytical and policy importance.

Keywords: globalization; inequality; measurement; poverty-mapping; regions

Chapter.  4703 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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