Chapter

Winners and Losers …

Loukas Tsoukalis

in What Kind of Europe?

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780199279487
Published online October 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602979 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199279489.003.0003
 Winners and Losers …

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This chapter analyses the winners and losers in European integration. Integration has been perceived as a positive-sum game, involving the joint management of economic interdependence for increasing open economies, the intermeshing and interlocking of sovereign political entities as a means of consolidating peace and security on a continent with a long history of national rivalries and bloody conflict, and the strengthening of democratic institutions. However, these have gradually disappeared with the worsening economic environment, deepening integration, and increasing inability of the nation-state to redistribute internally. The division between winners and losers has become a more important issue within countries rather than between countries.

Keywords: Europe; integration; policy; economics; politics; positive-sum game; European Monetary Union; European Union

Chapter.  9620 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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