Three‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

Thomas Sattig

in The Language and Reality of Time

Published in print May 2006 | ISBN: 9780199279524
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604041 | DOI:
 Three‐Dimensionalist Supervenience

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This chapter develops a three-dimensionalist account of temporal supervenience — the temporal-regions account — and argues that the latter shares the main virtues and avoids the main drawbacks of its four-dimensionalist rival. The three-dimensionalist account asserts and explains the theses that the facts of persistence logically supervene on facts about the spatiotemporal location of objects, and that the facts of temporal instantiation logically supervene on the atemporal instantiation of properties by temporally unextended spacetime regions occupied by objects. Structural similarities of the temporal-regions account and the temporal-parts account are pointed out, and the temporal-regions account is shown to avoid the problems that threaten the temporal-parts account. The remainder of the chapter deals with various consequences and apparent difficulties of three-dimensionalist supervenience.

Keywords: coincidence; complex predicate; constitution; context; four-dimensionalism; identity; region; representation; sortal; spacetime

Chapter.  22208 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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