Chapter

<i>Nicaea</i>

Sara Parvis

in Marcellus of Ancyra and the Lost Years of the Arian Controversy 325-345

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780199280131
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603792 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199280134.003.0003

Series: Oxford Early Christian Studies

 Nicaea

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This chapter examines the evidence for membership of the two alliances which squared up against one another before Nicaea, including the names and numbers on both sides, and the degree to which nameable individuals committed themselves politically. The theological affinities and differences of Alexander of Alexandria’s allies are studied, particularly those of Marcellus with each of the rest. The significance of the initial calling of the ‘great and priestly synod’ for Ancyra rather than Nicaea is considered. It is argued that the synod was not originally called by Constantine but by the pro-Alexander alliance, and moved by him to his own palace to promote peace. The Synod of Antioch is discussed and dated to 324. It is argued that Marcellus had little influence on the Nicene Creed, which was not characteristic of his theology and which he never defended, but probably rather more on the canons of Nicaea.

Keywords: Nicaea; Nicene Creed; canons; Synod of Antioch; Alexander of Alexandria; Ancyra; Constantine

Chapter.  30793 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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