Chapter

The Burden of Grandeur: Physical and Economic Well-Being of the Russian Population in the Eighteenth Century

Boris Mironov

in Living Standards in the Past

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9780199280681
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602467 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199280681.003.0011
 The Burden of Grandeur: Physical and Economic Well-Being of the Russian Population in the Eighteenth Century

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From 1700-1704 to 1795-1799 the average stature of Russian recruits decreased from 164.7 to 159.5 cm. It means that the eighteenth century is noted for the fall in the biological status of the Russian population. The decrease occurred against the background of a considerable economic growth and was caused not by economic depression but by the rise in taxes and obligations. Increase in payments to the state was linked with the wars Russia waged for outlets to the Baltic and Black seas, and for the status of a great power, and with reforms carried out by the supreme power catching up with the West European countries.

Keywords: eighteenth century; anthropometrics; biological status; economic growth; obligations; Russia; taxes

Chapter.  9025 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic History

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