Chapter

Islamophobia—In England and Scotland

Asifa Hussain and William Miller

in Multicultural Nationalism

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780199280711
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604102 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199280711.003.0003
Islamophobia—In England and Scotland

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Since 9/11, multiculturalism has been under attack and Islamophobia has increased. Questions were placed in the 2003 British Social Attitudes Survey and its Scottish counterpart to compare the level of Islamophobia in Scotland and England. Islamophobia was significantly higher in England. Analysis showed that the majority population in Scotland differed significantly from the majority in England. In particular, English nationalism encouraged Islamophobia while Scottish nationalism did not. Unlike elite-level nationalists, street-level nationalists in Scotland were not particularly inclusive or multiculturalist compared to the majority of Scots. Street-level Scottish nationalists were less Islamophobic than the majority of English, and far less Islamophobic than street-level nationalists in England.

Keywords: Islamophobia; England; Scotland; minority; majority; English nationalists; Scottish nationalists; street-level nationalists; elite-level nationalists

Chapter.  6311 words. 

Subjects: UK Politics

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