Chapter

Optimism and Pessimism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780199282203
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603624 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019928220X.003.0007
 						Optimism and Pessimism

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This chapter begins with a basic list of intuitively plausible principles of intergenerational justice, against which Rule Consequentialism can be measured. It then establishes the Rule Consequentialist commitment to political liberty and shows how that commitment is strengthened in the intergenerational case. It is shown that Rule Consequentialism copes with the possibility of future declines in aggregate well-being much better than its opponents, such as Rawls’s liberalism. This is illustrated using the current dispute between growth optimists and ecological pessimists.

Keywords: intergenerational justice; politics; optimism; pessimism; accumulation; environment; growth; non-renewable; Rule Consequentialism

Chapter.  14972 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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