Chapter

From Public Assistance to Social Protection: Welfare State-building in European Nations

Maurizio Ferrara

in The Boundaries of Welfare

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780199284665
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603273 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199284660.003.0003
From Public Assistance to Social Protection: Welfare State-building in European Nations

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This chapter traces the historical origins and early developments of European welfare states up to the Second World War in terms of external and internal boundary building. It highlights the role of cleavage and centre periphery structures in moulding institutional choices, in particular, the choice between a universal and an occupational approach to social insurance — the former prevailing in the Anglo-Saxon and Nordic countries, and the latter prevailing in Continental and South European countries.

Keywords: social insurance; universalism; occupationalism; territoriality; nationality; social closure

Chapter.  9439 words. 

Subjects: Political Economy

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