Why (Most) Kinds are not Classes<sup>*</sup>

Ruth Garret Millikan

in Language: A Biological Model

Published in print August 2005 | ISBN: 9780199284764
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603167 | DOI:
 						Why (Most) Kinds are not Classes*

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Most category words do not designate classes but units of another kind entirely. These units are called “real kinds,” among which are “historical kinds” and “eternal kinds”. The ontology of historical kinds and eternal kinds is compared to that of individuals, and it is argued that just as in the case of individuals, different people may identify the same real kinds in different ways, so that no particular set of properties or paradigms or exemplars will be definitional of any word designating the kind.

Keywords: categories; concepts; real kinds; definitions; natural kinds; individual concepts

Chapter.  5840 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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