Jesus' I‐Sayings in <i>Thomas</i> and their Relationship to Johannine Traditions

Ismo Dunderberg

in The Beloved Disciple in Conflict?

Published in print April 2006 | ISBN: 9780199284962
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603785 | DOI:
Jesus' I‐Sayings in Thomas and their Relationship to Johannine Traditions

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A close analysis of I-sayings in Thomas and their relationship to Johannine writings supports the conclusion that there was no mutual dependence between these texts. The following sayings in Thomas are examined in detail: 13, 17, 28 (incarnation), 61 (equality with God), 71 (the temple saying), and 77 (‘I am the light’). Affinities between these sayings and the Gospel of John go back to their common background in Jewish Wisdom literature and in early Christian theology. Nevertheless, the way some important theological issues, such as incarnation and equality with God are discussed in these two gospels suggest that they were written in about the same time — in the turn of the 1st and 2nd century. Many of their common ideas find parallels in the early Christian literature from this period.

Keywords: early Christology; wisdom tradition; incarnation; equality with God; temple; common sayings source

Chapter.  13697 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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