Chapter

<b>Ever Earlier Retirement: Comparing Employment Trajectories</b>

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780199286119
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604089 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199286116.003.0004
 Ever Earlier Retirement: Comparing Employment Trajectories

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The chapter analyzes the main trends and cross-national variations in early exit from work for eight European countries, Japan, and the USA. Participation levels and employment rates of older workers between age 55 and 64 have declined. Cohort-adjusted early exit rates for both men and women show not only a rise in early retirement over the 1970s and early 1980s, but also substantial cross-national differences. Early exit from work is widespread in Continental Europe, less so in Scandinavia, Anglophone market economies, and in Japan.

Keywords: early retirement; employment rates; unemployment rates; older workers; retirement age

Chapter.  10782 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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