<b>Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?</b>

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print July 2006 | ISBN: 9780199286119
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604089 | DOI:
 Conclusion: From Path Dependence to Path Departure?

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This concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book, evaluating the protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ‘push’ approaches to explain the long-term development and cross-national variations in early exit from work. It discusses the difficulties of ‘path dependence’ as well as the opportunities of institutional change to reverse early retirement policies. It recommends a paradigm shift away from early retirement in combination with integration policies that facilitate older workers to remain active.

Keywords: early retirement; welfare state reform; paradigm shift; path dependence; institutional change; policy reversal; integration policies

Chapter.  9843 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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