Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780199286720
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603327 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

Representing the Median Voter

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This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but more evident under SMD than PR systems — which are of course designed to produce a ‘necessary’ correspondence between the median voter and the median party in Parliament. However, distortions at each stage (voter-Parliament, Parliament-government) and over time cancel each other out so long-term representational bias is limited.

Keywords: representation; median voter; representational efficiency; election system effects; party effects; distortions; bias; responsiveness; stages of representation

Chapter.  8590 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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