Unifying Theories of Democracy Through the Median Mandate

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780199286720
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603327 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

Unifying Theories of Democracy Through the Median Mandate

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This chapter brings together and tries to answer the questions about democratic politics raised in the text, many of which are classical questions of democratic theory. The purpose here is to bring them together in an integrated account, based on the validated median mandate view of the democratic process. It is shown that this underpins the workings of both ‘consensus’ and ‘majoritarian’ democracy ;provides a normative criterion for evaluating election rules; ; andbrings representative democracy closer to direct democracy.

Keywords: democracies; majorities; empowerment; party systems; election systems; proportional representation; incremental change; median mandate; convergence; consensus

Chapter.  8141 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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