Chapter

On Judgment

Marcia Cavell

in Becoming a Subject

Published in print February 2006 | ISBN: 9780199287086
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603921 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199287082.003.0006
 On Judgment

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This chapter discusses Freud’s idea of ‘the reality principle’ as in effect containing an analysis of the necessary conditions for prepositional thought. In calling ‘the setting-up of the reality principle’ a ‘momentous step’, Freud is explicitly contrasting judgments about things as they are with wishes, or expressions of personal taste, or sentences that look like judgments about what is but that are really expressions of disguised wishes. With judgment, come the capacities for reality testing, and also for fantasy, self-deception, delusion, and illusion. Attempts by psychoanalysts, notably Melanie Klein and Wilfred Bion, to derive prepositional thought from fantasies are criticized.

Keywords: Freud; reality; judgment; Klein; Bion; reality principle; prepositional thought

Chapter.  4274 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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