Chapter

El Salvador: Group of Friends of the UN Secretary‐General

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print March 2006 | ISBN: 9780199287680
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603723 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199287686.003.0007
El Salvador: Group of Friends of the UN Secretary‐General

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The UN Secretariat assumed the leading role as intermediary to reach a negotiated settlement of the conflict in El Salvador. The Friends of the Secretary-General on El Salvador somewhat revived the concept of the advisory committees that had been established in the 1950s. The transformation of the bipolar system created the permissive political context for a leading role of the United Nations, with the United States and the Soviet Union as guardians of the process in the background. Given the relative success of the Friends, the concept turned into a model which was subsequently applied — with mixed results — to crises in Haiti, Guatemala, Western Sahara, and Georgia.

Keywords: civil conflict; Contadora Group; El Salvador; Friends of the Secretary-General; horizontal inequalities; bipolar system; voice

Chapter.  19965 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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