Chapter

Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780199288915
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603518 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199288917.003.0007
 Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

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This chapter explains why reforms were possible during the 1970s in China under the Communist regime, but not in the Soviet Union. It argues that the reasons are a combination of a change in leadership and grassroots pressure. Different choices were made in China than in the Soviet Union because the countries had different initial conditions in the countryside, particularly in terms of technology, incomes and wealth, and the structure of the economy; all affected the choices of the Communist leadership and the actions of citizens.

Keywords: reforms; Communist Party; grassroots pressure; China; Soviet Union

Chapter.  10037 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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