Chapter

Representation and Representativeness

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199291113
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191604133 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019929111X.003.0004
Representation and Representativeness

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This chapter explores the ideas of representation, the first broad solution to the legitimacy problems in deliberative democracy. It considers the nature, strengths, and weaknesses of three different types of representation claims made by participants in the cases, namely random selection, self-selection, and elected representation. It argues that elected representatives have the strongest claims simply because they can be removed from decision-making posts, but this strength depends on there being strong communicative relationships between representatives and the represented. It concludes that while representation claims are important, no one kind of representative has perfectly legitimate authority.

Keywords: deliberative democracy; representation; representativeness; random selection; self-selection; interest groups; lay citizens; citizens’ jury; Leicester

Chapter.  14397 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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