Chapter

Environmental Policy Instruments and Institutions in Developing Countries

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780199298006
Published online September 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780191603877 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199298009.003.0008

Series: Initiative for Policy Dialogue Series

 Environmental Policy Instruments and Institutions in Developing Countries

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The failure of public good provision in developing countries implies that many environmental and natural resource allocation problems that have been solved in developed countries, such as water pollution from sewage and indoor air pollution from cooking fires, continue to loom large. Decentralization and transparency in decision making, due process, and stakeholder participation in reform are needed to address these shortfalls. Because of poverty, efficiency is crucial to minimize overall costs. This, together with the wide dispersion in the distribution of pollution between polluters, speaks in favor of the use of flexible instruments such as information and market based mechanisms. At the same time, risk aversion, poverty, and unequal distribution imply that considerable attention must be paid to the distribution of costs and to a participatory approach in policy design.

Keywords: public good provision; decentralization; transparency; poverty; inequality; risk aversion; information mechanisms; market based instruments; due process; stakeholder participation

Chapter.  13609 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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